Dating ru odessa
In 1924, it was renamed Stalino, and in 1932 the city became the centre of the Donetsk region.
Renamed Donetsk in 1961, the city today remains the centre for coal mining and steel industry.
It was occupied by German forces as part of the Reichskommissariat Ukraine between 16 October 1941 and 5 September 1943.
The Italians actually took Stalino In 1945, young men and women aged 17 to 35, from the Danube Swabian (Schwowe) communities of Yugoslavia, Hungary and Romania (the Batschka and Banat), were forcibly sent to Russia as Allied "war reparations", being put to work as slave labour to rebuild Stalino and to work in its mines.
Since April 2014, Donetsk and its surrounding areas have been one of the major sites of fighting in the ongoing Donbass War, as pro-Russian separatist forces have battled against Ukrainian military forces for control of the city and surrounding areas.
Through the majority of the course of this war, the city of Donetsk has been administered by the pro-Russian separatist forces, with outlying territories of the Donetsk region being divided between the two sides.
Ukraine does not recognize the referendum, while the EU and US said the polls were illegal.
Human Rights Watch has called on both warring factions to cease using BM-21 Grad in populated areas, and has said the use of these weapons systems may be a violation of international humanitarian laws and could constitute war crimes.
In that year, the city's population totaled 63,708, and in the next year, 80,085. The city did not have a drinking water system until 1931, when a 55.3 km (34.4 mi) system was laid underground.Ukraine has had a series of mining accidents since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, and one reason being given is the linking of miners' pay to production, which serves as an incentive to ignore safety procedures that would slow production.Whilst getting praise for its business potential, Donetsk also received criticism for the strong mafia connection of its business magnates, and for the increasing poverty rate (alongside a growing number of oligarchs) Donetsk became one of the centers of the 2014 pro-Russian conflict in Ukraine.The Republic was disbanded at the 2nd All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets on 20 March 1918 when the independence of the Soviet Ukraine was announced.
It failed to achieve recognition, either internationally or by the Russian SFSR, and, in accordance with the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, was abolished.
To celebrate the "independence" of the Donetsk People's Republic, in 2015 Donetsk became the place of a major rock concert called Novorossiya-Rock, attracting such notable Russian language artists as Vadim Samoylov (ex-Agatha Christie), Chicherina, and 7B Donetsk lies in the steppe landscape of Ukraine, surrounded by scattered woodland, hills (spoil tips), rivers and lakes.